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Hate Crime

Page last updated: 14/12/2020

Any incidents, whether a crime or not, motivated by hostility or prejudice towards an individual due to their:

  • race;
  • religion;
  • sexual orientation;
  • gender identity; or
  • disability.

Protected characteristics

  • race – a person's ethnicity, nationality, country of origin, skin colour, etc.

  • religion – a person's religion or faith, even if they have no religion.

  • sexual orientation – a person's sexuality, whether they are heterosexual, homosexual, bisexual, asexual, etc.

  • gender identity – an individual who is transgender or perceived to be transgender.

  • disability – any person with:

  1. physical impairment;

  2. life-limiting illness;

  3. sensory disability;

  4. mental ill-health;

  5. learning disability;

  6. visual difference; or

  7. diagnosis on the autistic spectrum

It does not matter if the person targeted has the characteristic that the prejudice is directed toward. Only that they are perceived to have that characteristic or belong to that community.

The definition covers criminal and non-criminal incidents. It is irrelevant whether the behaviour is a criminal offence. Hate Crime covers a range of behaviours, including:

  • discrimination;

  • exclusion;

  • verbal abuse;

  • physical assault;

  • bullying including cyber-bullying; and

  • inciting hatred

Hate Crime can manifest in the school environment. Educating the perpetrator about their language and impact may be preferable. All incidents must be recorded.

Responses may involve action and support from various agencies. Support from statutory services and voluntary groups relating to the five protected characteristics.

Information and resources