Page last updated: 15/09/2020
Children manipulated and coerced into committing crimes.
gangs and criminal networks exporting illegal drugs to UK;
dedicated mobile phone lines or other form of 'deal line';
exploitation of children and vulnerable adults;
moving and storing drugs and money;
coercion, intimidation, violence (including sexual violence), weapons.
Typical county lines activity
travelling to county or coastal towns to sell class A drugs;
recruiting and exploiting vulnerable children as couriers;
trafficking children from their home locality;
using rental accommodation and budget hotels to make and sell drugs;
taking over vulnerable adults' homes, who cannot challenge – 'cuckooing'.
Slavery, servitude and forced or compulsory labour and human trafficking. Includes:
holding a person in slavery;
forced or compulsory labour;
facilitating travel with the intention of exploitation.
Other exploitation examples
working in drug production;
fraudulent activity (eg Money Mules);
coercion to threaten others.
Modern slavery and human trafficking
National Crime Agency - guidance, information and resources. Includes videos and reports.
NSPCC - advice to help spot the signs and to report concerns.
Other examples of exploitation
NWG Toolk it - how to speak with young people who may be at risk.
NSPCC - the signs of criminal exploitation and involvement in gangs. Details of support.
The Children's Society - information, guidance and intervention on a range of exploitation topics.